X-Content-Type-Options: nosniff
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY QUESTIONS

Anatomy and Physiology Questions and Answers

Explore essential anatomy and physiology concepts with these multiple-choice questions and answers. Test your knowledge on topics ranging from the skeletal and muscular systems to the cardiovascular, respiratory, and nervous systems. Perfect for students, educators, and anyone interested in understanding the intricate workings of the human body.

Which of the following is not a primary tissue type in the human body?

  • a) Epithelial
  • b) Connective
  • c) Nervous
  • d) Hematopoietic
  • Answer: d) Hematopoietic
  • Which anatomical plane divides the body into right and left halves?
    • a) Frontal plane
    • b) Sagittal plane
    • c) Transverse plane
    • d) Coronal plane
    • Answer: b) Sagittal plane
  • The thoracic cavity contains which of the following organs?
    • a) Liver
    • b) Stomach
    • c) Lungs
    • d) Kidneys
    • Answer: c) Lungs
  • Which organelle is responsible for producing ATP, the energy currency of the cell?
    • a) Nucleus
    • b) Mitochondria
    • c) Ribosomes
    • d) Golgi apparatus
    • Answer: b) Mitochondria
  • What type of tissue is responsible for contraction and movement in the body?
    • a) Epithelial tissue
    • b) Connective tissue
    • c) Muscle tissue
    • d) Nervous tissue
    • Answer: c) Muscle tissue
  • Which of the following is not a function of the skeletal system?
    • a) Support
    • b) Hematopoiesis
    • c) Hormone production
    • d) Protection
    • Answer: c) Hormone production
  • Which type of joint allows for the greatest range of motion?
    • a) Hinge joint
    • b) Pivot joint
    • c) Ball and socket joint
    • d) Saddle joint
    • Answer: c) Ball and socket joint
  • Which muscle is responsible for flexing the forearm at the elbow?
    • a) Biceps brachii
    • b) Triceps brachii
    • c) Deltoid
    • d) Pectoralis major
    • Answer: a) Biceps brachii
  • Muscle contraction occurs due to the interaction of which two proteins?
    • a) Actin and myosin
    • b) Troponin and tropomyosin
    • c) Myoglobin and hemoglobin
    • d) Keratin and collagen
    • Answer: a) Actin and myosin
  • Which chamber of the heart receives oxygenated blood from the lungs?
    • a) Right atrium
    • b) Left atrium
    • c) Right ventricle
    • d) Left ventricle
    • Answer: b) Left atrium
  • The sinoatrial (SA) node is also known as:
    • a) The pacemaker of the heart
    • b) The atrioventricular (AV) node
    • c) The bundle of His
    • d) The Purkinje fibers
    • Answer: a) The pacemaker of the heart
  • Which of the following is not part of the lymphatic system?
    • a) Lymph nodes
    • b) Spleen
    • c) Thyroid gland
    • d) Lymphatic vessels
    • Answer: c) Thyroid gland
  • The primary function of the lymph nodes is to:
    • a) Produce red blood cells
    • b) Filter lymph
    • c) Regulate blood pressure
    • d) Produce hormones
    • Answer: b) Filter lymph
  • Which structure in the kidney is primarily responsible for filtering blood?
    • a) Glomerulus
    • b) Loop of Henle
    • c) Collecting duct
    • d) Ureter
    • Answer: a) Glomerulus

See Also : Multiple Choice Questions and Answers on Pediatric Nursing

  • The primary waste product found in urine is:
    • a) Urea
    • b) Glucose
    • c) Albumin
    • d) Hemoglobin
    • Answer: a) Urea
  • Which layer of the skin contains the melanocytes?
    • a) Epidermis
    • b) Dermis
    • c) Hypodermis
    • d) Stratum corneum
    • Answer: a) Epidermis
  • The primary function of the sweat glands is to:
    • a) Produce oil
    • b) Regulate body temperature
    • c) Produce hormones
    • d) Protect against UV radiation
    • Answer: b) Regulate body temperature
  • Which of the following structures is the site of gas exchange in the lungs?
    • a) Trachea
    • b) Bronchi
    • c) Alveoli
    • d) Bronchioles
    • Answer: c) Alveoli
  • The main muscle involved in the process of breathing is the:
    • a) Diaphragm
    • b) Intercostal muscles
    • c) Pectoralis major
    • d) Sternocleidomastoid
    • Answer: a) Diaphragm
  • Which organ is responsible for the majority of nutrient absorption?
    • a) Stomach
    • b) Small intestine
    • c) Large intestine
    • d) Liver
    • Answer: b) Small intestine
  • The enzyme pepsin is active in which part of the digestive system?
    • a) Mouth
    • b) Stomach
    • c) Small intestine
    • d) Large intestine
    • Answer: b) Stomach
  • Which part of the brain is responsible for coordinating voluntary movements?
    • a) Cerebrum
    • b) Cerebellum
    • c) Brainstem
    • d) Thalamus
    • Answer: b) Cerebellum
  • The autonomic nervous system regulates:
    • a) Voluntary muscle movements
    • b) Sensory perception
    • c) Involuntary body functions
    • d) Memory and learning
    • Answer: c) Involuntary body functions
  • Which gland is known as the “master gland” because it regulates other endocrine glands?
    • a) Thyroid gland
    • b) Pituitary gland
    • c) Adrenal gland
    • d) Pancreas
    • Answer: b) Pituitary gland
  • Insulin is produced by which part of the pancreas?
    • a) Exocrine part
    • b) Islets of Langerhans
    • c) Acinar cells
    • d) Pancreatic duct
    • Answer: b) Islets of Langerhans
  • Which structure in the female reproductive system is the site of fertilization?
    • a) Ovary
    • b) Uterus
    • c) Fallopian tube
    • d) Cervix
    • Answer: c) Fallopian tube
  • The primary male sex hormone is:
    • a) Estrogen
    • b) Progesterone
    • c) Testosterone
    • d) Luteinizing hormone
    • Answer: c) Testosterone
  • Which of the following is a chromosomal disorder characterized by an extra chromosome 21?
    • a) Turner’s syndrome
    • b) Klinefelter’s syndrome
    • c) Down’s syndrome
    • d) XXX syndrome
    • Answer: c) Down’s syndrome
  • The process by which a single cell divides into two identical daughter cells is called:
    • a) Meiosis
    • b) Mitosis
    • c) Fertilization
    • d) Synapsis
    • Answer: b) Mitosis
  • In-vitro fertilization involves:
    • a) Fertilizing an egg inside the female body
    • b) Fertilizing an egg outside the female body and then implanting it
    • c) Artificially inseminating the female with male sperm
    • d) Genetic modification of the embryo
    • Answer: b) Fertilizing an egg outside the female body and then implanting it
  • Which body cavity houses the brain and spinal cord?
    • a) Thoracic cavity
    • b) Abdominal cavity
    • c) Cranial cavity
    • d) Pelvic cavity
    • Answer: c) Cranial cavity
  • Which cell organelle is responsible for protein synthesis?
    • a) Lysosomes
    • b) Ribosomes
    • c) Mitochondria
    • d) Endoplasmic reticulum
    • Answer: b) Ribosomes
  • What type of joint is found in the shoulder?
    • a) Hinge joint
    • b) Ball and socket joint
    • c) Pivot joint
    • d) Saddle joint
    • Answer: b) Ball and socket joint
  • Which type of muscle is found in the walls of blood vessels?
    • a) Skeletal muscle
    • b) Cardiac muscle
    • c) Smooth muscle
    • d) Voluntary muscle
    • Answer: c) Smooth muscle
  • The valve between the left atrium and left ventricle is the:
    • a) Tricuspid valve
    • b) Mitral valve
    • c) Aortic valve
    • d) Pulmonary valve
    • Answer: b) Mitral valve
  • Which blood vessels carry oxygen-rich blood away from the heart?
    • a) Veins
    • b) Arteries
    • c) Capillaries
    • d) Venules
    • Answer: b) Arteries
  • Lymphatic fluid is mainly composed of:
    • a) Red blood cells
    • b) Plasma
    • c) Interstitial fluid
    • d) Platelets
    • Answer: c) Interstitial fluid
  • Which part of the kidney contains the glomeruli?
    • a) Cortex
    • b) Medulla
    • c) Renal pelvis
    • d) Ureter
    • Answer: a) Cortex
  • The largest organ of the integumentary system is:
    • a) Skin
    • b) Hair
    • c) Nails
    • d) Sweat glands
    • Answer: a) Skin
  • The respiratory membrane, where gas exchange occurs, consists of:
    • a) Alveolar epithelium and capillary endothelium
    • b) Tracheal and bronchial walls
    • c) Pleural and pericardial membranes
    • d) Nasal and pharyngeal mucosa
    • Answer: a) Alveolar epithelium and capillary endothelium
  • The primary site for digestion and absorption of nutrients is the:
    • a) Stomach
    • b) Small intestine
    • c) Large intestine
    • d) Liver
    • Answer: b) Small intestine
  • The cerebrum is responsible for:
    • a) Coordination and balance
    • b) Voluntary motor actions
    • c) Autonomic functions
    • d) Sensory perception
    • Answer: b) Voluntary motor actions
  • Which hormone regulates blood sugar levels?
    • a) Insulin
    • b) Glucagon
    • c) Adrenaline
    • d) Cortisol
    • Answer: a) Insulin
  • The fallopian tubes connect the ovaries to the:
    • a) Vagina
    • b) Uterus
    • c) Cervix
    • d) Bladder
    • Answer: b) Uterus
  • Chromosomes are located in the:
    • a) Nucleus
    • b) Cytoplasm
    • c) Ribosomes
    • d) Golgi apparatus
    • Answer: a) Nucleus
  • Which respiratory structure is commonly referred to as the voice box?
    • a) Pharynx
    • b) Larynx
    • c) Trachea
    • d) Bronchi
    • Answer: b) Larynx
  • Bile, which aids in digestion, is produced by the:
    • a) Stomach
    • b) Pancreas
    • c) Liver
    • d) Gallbladder
    • Answer: c) Liver
  • The brainstem controls:
    • a) Thought and reasoning
    • b) Voluntary movements
    • c) Basic life functions like heartbeat and breathing
    • d) Sensory perception
    • Answer: c) Basic life functions like heartbeat and breathing
  • Which gland releases adrenaline during stress?
    • a) Thyroid gland
    • b) Pituitary gland
    • c) Adrenal gland
    • d) Pineal gland
    • Answer: c) Adrenal gland
  • Sperm are produced in the:
    • a) Prostate gland
    • b) Vas deferens
    • c) Seminal vesicles
    • d) Testes
    • Answer: d) Testes
  • DNA replication occurs during:
    • a) Prophase
    • b) Metaphase
    • c) Interphase
    • d) Telophase
    • Answer: c) Interphase
  • The primary function of hemoglobin is to:
    • a) Fight infection
    • b) Clot blood
    • c) Transport oxygen
    • d) Produce hormones
    • Answer: c) Transport oxygen
  • Which of the following is the primary pacemaker of the heart?
    • a) AV node
    • b) SA node
    • c) Bundle of His
    • d) Purkinje fibers
    • Answer: b) SA node
  • Which type of tissue covers body surfaces and lines body cavities?
    • a) Connective tissue
    • b) Muscle tissue
    • c) Nervous tissue
    • d) Epithelial tissue
    • Answer: d) Epithelial tissue
  • Which hormone is involved in regulating the sleep-wake cycle?
    • a) Melatonin
    • b) Oxytocin
    • c) Thyroxine
    • d) Prolactin
    • Answer: a) Melatonin
  • The basic structural and functional unit of the kidney is the:
    • a) Nephron
    • b) Alveolus
    • c) Glomerulus
    • d) Ureter
    • Answer: a) Nephron
  • The main function of red blood cells is to:
    • a) Transport oxygen
    • b) Fight infection
    • c) Clot blood
    • d) Remove waste products
    • Answer: a) Transport oxygen
  • Which part of the brain is responsible for regulating body temperature?
    • a) Hypothalamus
    • b) Medulla oblongata
    • c) Pons
    • d) Cerebellum
    • Answer: a) Hypothalamus
  • Which organ produces enzymes that digest carbohydrates, proteins, and fats?
    • a) Liver
    • b) Pancreas
    • c) Gallbladder
    • d) Stomach
    • Answer: b) Pancreas
  • Which structure of the ear is responsible for maintaining balance?
    • a) Cochlea
    • b) Tympanic membrane
    • c) Semicircular canals
    • d) Auditory ossicles
    • Answer: c) Semicircular canals
  • The hormone oxytocin is produced by the:
    • a) Pituitary gland
    • b) Thyroid gland
    • c) Adrenal gland
    • d) Pancreas
    • Answer: a) Pituitary gland
  • Which structure in the female reproductive system is the site of implantation for a fertilized egg?
    • a) Ovary
    • b) Uterus
    • c) Fallopian tube
    • d) Cervix
    • Answer: b) Uterus
  • During mitosis, the phase where chromosomes align in the center of the cell is:
    • a) Prophase
    • b) Metaphase
    • c) Anaphase
    • d) Telophase
    • Answer: b) Metaphase
  • The largest artery in the human body is the:
    • a) Pulmonary artery
    • b) Aorta
    • c) Carotid artery
    • d) Femoral artery
    • Answer: b) Aorta
  • The protective outer covering of the heart is called the:
    • a) Pericardium
    • b) Myocardium
    • c) Endocardium
    • d) Epicardium
    • Answer: a) Pericardium
  • The basic contractile unit of a muscle fiber is called a:
    • a) Myofibril
    • b) Sarcomere
    • c) Sarcolemma
    • d) Myosin
    • Answer: b) Sarcomere
  • Which part of the respiratory system is the common passageway for both food and air?
    • a) Nasal cavity
    • b) Pharynx
    • c) Larynx
    • d) Trachea
    • Answer: b) Pharynx
  • Which digestive organ is responsible for the production of bile?
    • a) Pancreas
    • b) Stomach
    • c) Liver
    • d) Gallbladder
    • Answer: c) Liver
  • Which nerve is primarily responsible for the sense of smell?
    • a) Optic nerve
    • b) Olfactory nerve
    • c) Trigeminal nerve
    • d) Vagus nerve
    • Answer: b) Olfactory nerve
  • What is the primary function of the endocrine system?
    • a) Transporting oxygen and nutrients
    • b) Fighting infection
    • c) Regulating body functions through hormones
    • d) Digesting food
    • Answer: c) Regulating body functions through hormones
  • The hormone responsible for the development of secondary sexual characteristics in males is:
    • a) Estrogen
    • b) Progesterone
    • c) Testosterone
    • d) Luteinizing hormone
    • Answer: c) Testosterone
  • The genetic material in a cell is composed of:
    • a) RNA
    • b) DNA
    • c) Proteins
    • d) Lipids
    • Answer: b) DNA
  • The functional unit of the nervous system is the:
    • a) Neuron
    • b) Neuroglia
    • c) Axon
    • d) Dendrite
    • Answer: a) Neuron
  • Which organelle is known as the powerhouse of the cell?
    • a) Nucleus
    • b) Mitochondria
    • c) Ribosome
    • d) Lysosome
    • Answer: b) Mitochondria
  • The diaphragm separates the thoracic cavity from the:
    • a) Cranial cavity
    • b) Pelvic cavity
    • c) Abdominal cavity
    • d) Spinal cavity
    • Answer: c) Abdominal cavity
  • Which vitamin is essential for calcium absorption in the digestive tract?
    • a) Vitamin A
    • b) Vitamin B12
    • c) Vitamin C
    • d) Vitamin D
    • Answer: d) Vitamin D
  • The auditory ossicles are located in the:
    • a) Outer ear
    • b) Middle ear
    • c) Inner ear
    • d) Cochlea
    • Answer: b) Middle ear
  • The pancreas has both endocrine and exocrine functions. The endocrine function involves the secretion of:
    • a) Digestive enzymes
    • b) Insulin and glucagon
    • c) Bile
    • d) Saliva
    • Answer: b) Insulin and glucagon
  • The structure that connects muscle to bone is called a:
    • a) Ligament
    • b) Tendon
    • c) Cartilage
    • d) Fascia
    • Answer: b) Tendon

Which type of tissue lines the inner surfaces of blood vessels, air sacs of lungs, and forms the lining of serous membranes?

a) Simple squamous epithelium
b) Stratified squamous epithelium
c) Transitional epithelium
d) Pseudostratified epithelium
Answer: a) Simple squamous epithelium

  • The process of bone formation is known as:

    a) Ossification
    b) Osteoporosis
    c) Chondrification
    d) Calcification
    Answer: a) Ossification

  • Which of the following is NOT a function of the lymphatic system?

    a) Transporting nutrients
    b) Draining excess interstitial fluid
    c) Fighting infections
    d) Absorbing fats from the digestive system
    Answer: a) Transporting nutrients

  • The part of the nervous system that regulates involuntary actions such as heartbeat and digestion is the:

    a) Central nervous system
    b) Peripheral nervous system
    c) Autonomic nervous system
    d) Somatic nervous system
    Answer: c) Autonomic nervous system

  • Which hormone regulates calcium levels in the blood?

    a) Calcitonin
    b) Parathyroid hormone
    c) Insulin
    d) Glucagon
    Answer: b) Parathyroid hormone

  • The structure where exchange of gases occurs in the lungs is the:

    a) Bronchus
    b) Alveolus
    c) Trachea
    d) Larynx
    Answer: b) Alveolus

  • The structure that carries urine from the kidney to the bladder is the:

    a) Ureter
    b) Urethra
    c) Renal artery
    d) Renal vein
    Answer: a) Ureter

  • Which part of the brain regulates body temperature, hunger, and thirst?

    a) Cerebrum
    b) Hypothalamus
    c) Medulla oblongata
    d) Pons
    Answer: b) Hypothalamus

  • The hormone that stimulates milk production in the mammary glands is:

    a) Estrogen
    b) Progesterone
    c) Prolactin
    d) Oxytocin
    Answer: c) Prolactin

  • Which of the following is NOT a function of the skin?

    a) Vitamin D synthesis
    b) Regulation of blood pressure
    c) Sensory perception
    d) Digestion of fats
    Answer: d) Digestion of fats

  • The part of the digestive system where water absorption primarily occurs is the:

    a) Stomach
    b) Liver
    c) Small intestine
    d) Large intestine
    Answer: d) Large intestine

  • Which of the following is a function of the endocrine system?

    a) Producing urine
    b) Regulating metabolism
    c) Transporting oxygen
    d) Digesting food
    Answer: b) Regulating metabolism

  • The hormone responsible for stimulating uterine contractions during labor is:

    a) Estrogen
    b) Progesterone
    c) Oxytocin
    d) Testosterone
    Answer: c) Oxytocin

  • The structure that connects muscle to bone is called a:

    a) Ligament
    b) Tendon
    c) Cartilage
    d) Fascia
    Answer: b) Tendon

  • Which blood vessel carries oxygenated blood away from the heart to the body?

    a) Pulmonary artery
    b) Pulmonary vein
    c) Aorta
    d) Inferior vena cava
    Answer: c) Aorta

  • The hormone responsible for regulating the body’s sleep-wake cycle is:

    a) Melatonin
    b) Serotonin
    c) Dopamine
    d) Cortisol
    Answer: a) Melatonin

  • Which of the following is NOT a function of the kidneys?

    a) Regulating blood pressure
    b) Filtering blood
    c) Producing urine
    d) Producing bile
    Answer: d) Producing bile

  • The muscle primarily responsible for respiration during quiet breathing is the:

    a) Diaphragm
    b) Intercostal muscles
    c) Sternocleidomastoid
    d) Rectus abdominis
    Answer: a) Diaphragm

  • Which organ produces bile to aid in digestion of fats?

    a) Pancreas
    b) Liver
    c) Gallbladder
    d) Spleen
    Answer: b) Liver

  • The part of the eye that refracts light to focus images is the:

    a) Retina
    b) Lens
    c) Cornea
    d) Iris
    Answer: b) Lens

  • Which of the following is NOT part of the female reproductive system?

    a) Uterus
    b) Ovary
    c) Vas deferens
    d) Fallopian tube
    Answer: c) Vas deferens

  • The process by which food is broken down into smaller molecules that can be absorbed by cells is called:

    a) Absorption
    b) Digestion
    c) Secretion
    d) Peristalsis
    Answer: b) Digestion

  • Which type of joint allows for movement in all directions?

    a) Pivot joint
    b) Ball-and-socket joint
    c) Hinge joint
    d) Gliding joint
    Answer: b) Ball-and-socket joint

  • The hormone responsible for regulating blood calcium levels is:

    a) Calcitonin
    b) Parathyroid hormone
    c) Insulin
    d) Estrogen
    Answer: b) Parathyroid hormone

  • The process by which oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged between the blood and air in the lungs is called:

    a) Ventilation
    b) Respiration
    c) Circulation
    d) Olfaction
    Answer: b) Respiration

  • The glands that produce sweat to regulate body temperature are called:

    a) Sebaceous glands
    b) Mammary glands
    c) Sudoriferous glands
    d) Salivary glands
    Answer: c) Sudoriferous glands

  • Which part of the neuron carries nerve impulses away from the cell body?

    a) Dendrite
    b) Axon
    c) Myelin sheath
    d) Synapse
    Answer: b) Axon

  • The hormone that stimulates red blood cell production in the bone marrow is:

    a) Erythropoietin
    b) Thyroxine
    c) Cortisol
    d) Epinephrine
    Answer: a) Erythropoietin

  • Which of the following is NOT a function of the circulatory system?

    a) Transporting hormones
    b) Producing urine
    c) Regulating body temperature
    d) Delivering nutrients
    Answer: b) Producing urine

  • The process of breaking down glycogen into glucose is called:

    a) Glycogenesis
    b) Glycolysis
    c) Gluconeogenesis
    d) Glycogenolysis
    Answer: d) Glycogenolysis

  • The outermost layer of the skin is called the:

    a) Dermis
    b) Epidermis
    c) Hypodermis
    d) Mesoderm
    Answer: b) Epidermis

  • Which part of the digestive system produces enzymes that break down carbohydrates, proteins, and fats?

    a) Liver
    b) Gallbladder
    c) Pancreas
    d) Stomach
    Answer: c) Pancreas

  • The hormone that prepares the body for stress by increasing heart rate and blood pressure is:

    a) Estrogen
    b) Progesterone
    c) Adrenaline
    d) Testosterone
    Answer: c) Adrenaline

  • The process by which food moves through the digestive tract via muscular contractions is called:

    a) Absorption
    b) Digestion
    c) Secretion
    d) Peristalsis
    Answer: d) Peristalsis

  • Which part of the brain controls balance and coordination of movement?

    a) Cerebrum
    b) Cerebellum
    c) Brainstem
    d) Thalamus
    Answer: b) Cerebellum

  • The hormone responsible for regulating blood sugar levels is:

    a) Glucagon
    b) Insulin
    c) Cortisol
    d) Epinephrine
    Answer: b) Insulin

  • Which type of muscle is striated and involuntary?

    a) Skeletal muscle
    b) Cardiac muscle
    c) Smooth muscle
    d) Connective tissue
    Answer: b) Cardiac muscle

  • The hormone that stimulates milk ejection from the mammary glands is:

    a) Prolactin
    b) Oxytocin
    c) Estrogen
    d) Progesterone
    Answer: b) Oxytocin

  • Which blood vessel carries deoxygenated blood from the heart to the lungs?

    a) Pulmonary artery
    b) Pulmonary vein
    c) Aorta
    d) Inferior vena cava
    Answer: a) Pulmonary artery

  • The hormone responsible for stimulating the development of male secondary sexual characteristics is:

    a) Testosterone
    b) Estrogen
    c) Progesterone
    d) Prolactin
    Answer: a) Testosterone

  • Which part of the eye regulates the amount of light entering the eye?

    a) Retina
    b) Lens
    c) Cornea
    d) Iris
    Answer: d) Iris

  • The structure that carries urine from the kidney to the bladder is the:

    a) Urethra
    b) Ureter
    c) Renal artery
    d) Renal vein
    Answer: b) Ureter

  • Which part of the brain controls voluntary movements and sensory perception?

    a) Cerebrum
    b) Cerebellum
    c) Brainstem
    d) Thalamus
    Answer: a) Cerebrum

  • The hormone responsible for regulating blood calcium levels is:

    a) Calcitonin
    b) Parathyroid hormone
    c) Insulin
    d) Estrogen
    Answer: b) Parathyroid hormone

  • The process by which oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged between the blood and air in the lungs is called:

    a) Ventilation
    b) Respiration
    c) Circulation
    d) Olfaction
    Answer: b) Respiration

  • The glands that produce sweat to regulate body temperature are called:

    a) Sebaceous glands
    b) Mammary glands
    c) Sudoriferous glands
    d) Salivary glands
    Answer: c) Sudoriferous glands

  • Which part of the neuron carries nerve impulses away from the cell body?

    a) Dendrite
    b) Axon
    c) Myelin sheath
    d) Synapse
    Answer: b) Axon

  • The hormone that stimulates red blood cell production in the bone marrow is:

    a) Erythropoietin
    b) Thyroxine
    c) Cortisol
    d) Epinephrine
    Answer: a) Erythropoietin

  • Which of the following is NOT a function of the circulatory system?

    a) Transporting hormones
    b) Producing urine
    c) Regulating body temperature
    d) Delivering nutrients
    Answer: b) Producing urine

  • The process of breaking down glycogen into glucose is called:

    a) Glycogenesis
    b) Glycolysis
    c) Gluconeogenesis
    d) Glycogenolysis
    Answer: d) Glycogenolysis

Which type of muscle is responsible for voluntary movements like walking and talking?

a) Cardiac muscle
b) Smooth muscle
c) Skeletal muscle
d) Visceral muscle
Answer: c) Skeletal muscle

  • The hormone responsible for regulating water balance in the body is:

    a) Aldosterone
    b) Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
    c) Thyroid hormone
    d) Growth hormone
    Answer: b) Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)

  • The part of the brain responsible for coordinating muscle movements and maintaining balance is the:

    a) Hypothalamus
    b) Cerebrum
    c) Cerebellum
    d) Brainstem
    Answer: c) Cerebellum

  • Which of the following is NOT a function of the liver?

    a) Detoxifying harmful substances
    b) Storing glycogen
    c) Producing insulin
    d) Producing bile
    Answer: c) Producing insulin

  • The part of the digestive system where bile is stored before being released into the small intestine is the:

    a) Liver
    b) Pancreas
    c) Gallbladder
    d) Appendix
    Answer: c) Gallbladder

  • The hormone responsible for promoting milk production in the mammary glands after childbirth is:

    a) Estrogen
    b) Progesterone
    c) Prolactin
    d) Oxytocin
    Answer: c) Prolactin

  • Which part of the respiratory system is responsible for preventing food and liquid from entering the airways?

    a) Larynx
    b) Trachea
    c) Pharynx
    d) Epiglottis
    Answer: d) Epiglottis

  • The hormone that stimulates the development of female secondary sexual characteristics is:

    a) Testosterone
    b) Estrogen
    c) Progesterone
    d) Prolactin
    Answer: b) Estrogen

  • Which blood vessel carries oxygen-rich blood from the lungs to the heart?

    a) Pulmonary artery
    b) Pulmonary vein
    c) Aorta
    d) Inferior vena cava
    Answer: b) Pulmonary vein

  • The part of the eye that contains light-sensitive cells and sends visual information to the brain is the:

    a) Cornea
    b) Iris
    c) Retina
    d) Lens
    Answer: c) Retina

  • Which of the following is a function of the spleen?

    a) Production of bile
    b) Storage of urine
    c) Production of insulin
    d) Filtering blood
    Answer: d) Filtering blood

  • The hormone responsible for regulating metabolism and energy production in the body is:

    a) Insulin
    b) Glucagon
    c) Thyroid hormone
    d) Adrenaline
    Answer: c) Thyroid hormone

  • Which of the following is NOT part of the central nervous system (CNS)?

    a) Brain
    b) Spinal cord
    c) Peripheral nerves
    d) Meninges
    Answer: c) Peripheral nerves

  • The process by which the kidneys filter waste products and excess substances from the blood is called:

    a) Filtration
    b) Reabsorption
    c) Secretion
    d) Excretion
    Answer: a) Filtration

  • The part of the brain responsible for regulating vital functions such as breathing and heart rate is the:

    a) Cerebrum
    b) Cerebellum
    c) Brainstem
    d) Hypothalamus
    Answer: c) Brainstem

  • Which hormone is responsible for promoting the growth and development of tissues and organs in the body?

    a) Growth hormone
    b) Insulin
    c) Cortisol
    d) Thyroxine
    Answer: a) Growth hormone

  • The valve located between the left atrium and left ventricle of the heart is the:

    a) Tricuspid valve
    b) Bicuspid valve
    c) Pulmonary valve
    d) Aortic valve
    Answer: b) Bicuspid valve

  • Which of the following is NOT a function of the skeletal system?

    a) Providing support and protection
    b) Storing minerals such as calcium
    c) Producing red blood cells
    d) Regulating body temperature
    Answer: d) Regulating body temperature

  • The hormone that stimulates uterine contractions during childbirth is:

    a) Estrogen
    b) Progesterone
    c) Oxytocin
    d) Testosterone
    Answer: c) Oxytocin

  • Which part of the brain is responsible for processing sensory information such as touch and temperature?

    a) Cerebrum
    b) Cerebellum
    c) Brainstem
    d) Thalamus
    Answer: d) Thalamus

  • The hormone responsible for regulating blood sugar levels by stimulating glycogen breakdown is:

    a) Insulin
    b) Glucagon
    c) Cortisol
    d) Epinephrine
    Answer: b) Glucagon

  • Which of the following structures is NOT part of the male reproductive system?

    a) Testes
    b) Prostate gland
    c) Uterus
    d) Epididymis
    Answer: c) Uterus

  • The hormone that regulates the sleep-wake cycle and mood is:

    a) Melatonin
    b) Serotonin
    c) Dopamine
    d) Cortisol
    Answer: a) Melatonin

  • Which blood vessel carries deoxygenated blood from the heart to the lungs?

    a) Pulmonary artery
    b) Pulmonary vein
    c) Aorta
    d) Inferior vena cava
    Answer: a) Pulmonary artery

  • The hormone responsible for promoting milk ejection from the mammary glands after childbirth is:

    a) Prolactin
    b) Oxytocin
    c) Estrogen
    d) Progesterone
    Answer: b) Oxytocin

  • Which part of the respiratory system is responsible for preventing food and liquid from entering the airways?

    a) Larynx
    b) Trachea
    c) Pharynx
    d) Epiglottis
    Answer: d) Epiglottis

  • The hormone that stimulates the development of female secondary sexual characteristics is:

    a) Testosterone
    b) Estrogen
    c) Progesterone
    d) Prolactin
    Answer: b) Estrogen

  • Which blood vessel carries oxygen-rich blood from the lungs to the heart?

    a) Pulmonary artery
    b) Pulmonary vein
    c) Aorta
    d) Inferior vena cava
    Answer: b) Pulmonary vein

  • The part of the eye that contains light-sensitive cells and sends visual information to the brain is the:

    a) Cornea
    b) Iris
    c) Retina
    d) Lens
    Answer: c) Retina

  • Which of the following is a function of the spleen?

    a) Production of bile
    b) Storage of urine
    c) Production of insulin
    d) Filtering blood
    Answer: d) Filtering blood

  • The hormone responsible for regulating metabolism and energy production in the body is:

    a) Insulin
    b) Glucagon
    c) Thyroid hormone
    d) Adrenaline
    Answer: c) Thyroid hormone

  • Which of the following is NOT part of the central nervous system (CNS)?

    a) Brain
    b) Spinal cord
    c) Peripheral nerves
    d) Meninges
    Answer: c) Peripheral nerves

  • The process by which the kidneys filter waste products and excess substances from the blood is called:

    a) Filtration
    b) Reabsorption
    c) Secretion
    d) Excretion
    Answer: a) Filtration

  • The part of the brain responsible for regulating vital functions such as breathing and heart rate is the:

    a) Cerebrum
    b) Cerebellum
    c) Brainstem
    d) Hypothalamus
    Answer: c) Brainstem

  • Which hormone is responsible for promoting the growth and development of tissues and organs in the body?

    a) Growth hormone
    b) Insulin
    c) Cortisol
    d) Thyroxine
    Answer: a) Growth hormone

  • The valve located between the left atrium and left ventricle of the heart is the:

    a) Tricuspid valve
    b) Bicuspid valve
    c) Pulmonary valve
    d) Aortic valve
    Answer: b) Bicuspid valve

  • Which of the following is NOT a function of the skeletal system?

    a) Providing support and protection
    b) Storing minerals such as calcium
    c) Producing red blood cells
    d) Regulating body temperature
    Answer: d) Regulating body temperature

  • The hormone that stimulates uterine contractions during childbirth is:

    a) Estrogen
    b) Progesterone
    c) Oxytocin
    d) Testosterone
    Answer: c) Oxytocin

  • Which part of the brain is responsible for processing sensory information such as touch and temperature?

    a) Cerebrum
    b) Cerebellum
    c) Brainstem
    d) Thalamus
    Answer: d) Thalamus

  • The hormone responsible for regulating blood sugar levels by stimulating glycogen breakdown is:

    a) Insulin
    b) Glucagon
    c) Cortisol
    d) Epinephrine
    Answer: b) Glucagon

  • Which of the following structures is NOT part of the male reproductive system?

    a) Testes
    b) Prostate gland
    c) Uterus
    d) Epididymis
    Answer: c) Uterus

  • The hormone that regulates the sleep-wake cycle and mood is:

    a) Melatonin
    b) Serotonin
    c) Dopamine
    d) Cortisol
    Answer: a) Melatonin

  • Which of the following is NOT a function of the liver?

    a) Detoxifying harmful substances
    b) Storing glycogen
    c) Producing insulin
    d) Producing bile
    Answer: c) Producing insulin

  • The part of the digestive system where bile is stored before being released into the small intestine is the:

    a) Liver
    b) Pancreas
    c) Gallbladder
    d) Appendix
    Answer: c) Gallbladder

  • The hormone responsible for promoting milk production in the mammary glands after childbirth is:

    a) Estrogen
    b) Progesterone
    c) Prolactin
    d) Oxytocin
    Answer: c) Prolactin

  • Which part of the respiratory system is responsible for preventing food and liquid from entering the airways?

    a) Larynx
    b) Trachea
    c) Pharynx
    d) Epiglottis
    Answer: d) Epiglottis

  • The hormone that stimulates the development of female secondary sexual characteristics is:

    a) Testosterone
    b) Estrogen
    c) Progesterone
    d) Prolactin
    Answer: b) Estrogen

  • Which blood vessel carries oxygen-rich blood from the lungs to the heart?

    a) Pulmonary artery
    b) Pulmonary vein
    c) Aorta
    d) Inferior vena cava
    Answer: b) Pulmonary vein

  • The part of the eye that contains light-sensitive cells and sends visual information to the brain is the:

    a) Cornea
    b) Iris
    c) Retina
    d) Lens
    Answer: c) Retina

  • The hormone responsible for regulating blood calcium levels is:

    a) Insulin
    b) Thyroxine
    c) Parathyroid hormone
    d) Aldosterone
    Answer: c) Parathyroid hormone

  • Which of the following is a function of the lymphatic system?

    a) Regulation of body temperature
    b) Transport of oxygen
    c) Defense against pathogens
    d) Digestion of food
    Answer: c) Defense against pathogens

  • The structure that connects muscle to bone is called a:

    a) Ligament
    b) Tendon
    c) Cartilage
    d) Fascia
    Answer: b) Tendon

  • The hormone responsible for regulating water balance in the body is:

    a) Aldosterone
    b) Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
    c) Thyroid hormone
    d) Growth hormone
    Answer: b) Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)

  • The part of the brain responsible for coordinating muscle movements and maintaining balance is the:

    a) Hypothalamus
    b) Cerebrum
    c) Cerebellum
    d) Brainstem
    Answer: c) Cerebellum

  • Which type of muscle is found in the walls of hollow organs like the stomach and intestines?

    a) Skeletal muscle
    b) Cardiac muscle
    c) Smooth muscle
    d) Striated muscle
    Answer: c) Smooth muscle

  • The hormone responsible for promoting the growth and development of tissues and organs in the body is:

    a) Estrogen
    b) Progesterone
    c) Growth hormone
    d) Prolactin
    Answer: c) Growth hormone

  • The valve located between the right atrium and right ventricle of the heart is the:

    a) Tricuspid valve
    b) Bicuspid valve
    c) Pulmonary valve
    d) Aortic valve
    Answer: a) Tricuspid valve

  • Which blood vessel carries oxygenated blood away from the heart to the rest of the body?

    a) Pulmonary artery
    b) Pulmonary vein
    c) Aorta
    d) Inferior vena cava
    Answer: c) Aorta

  • The process by which cells convert glucose into usable energy in the presence of oxygen is called:

    a) Glycolysis
    b) Fermentation
    c) Krebs cycle
    d) Cellular respiration
    Answer: d) Cellular respiration

  • The hormone responsible for promoting milk ejection from the mammary glands after childbirth is:

    a) Estrogen
    b) Progesterone
    c) Prolactin
    d) Oxytocin
    Answer: d) Oxytocin

  • Which part of the respiratory system is responsible for preventing food and liquid from entering the airways?

    a) Larynx
    b) Trachea
    c) Pharynx
    d) Epiglottis
    Answer: d) Epiglottis

  • The hormone that stimulates the development of male secondary sexual characteristics is:

    a) Testosterone
    b) Estrogen
    c) Progesterone
    d) Prolactin
    Answer: a) Testosterone

  • Which blood vessel carries deoxygenated blood from the heart to the lungs?

    a) Pulmonary artery
    b) Pulmonary vein
    c) Aorta
    d) Inferior vena cava
    Answer: a) Pulmonary artery

  • The hormone responsible for regulating metabolism and energy production in the body is:

    a) Insulin
    b) Glucagon
    c) Thyroid hormone
    d) Adrenaline
    Answer: c) Thyroid hormone

  • Which of the following is NOT a function of the liver?

    a) Detoxifying harmful substances
    b) Storing glycogen
    c) Producing insulin
    d) Producing bile
    Answer: c) Producing insulin

  • The part of the digestive system where bile is stored before being released into the small intestine is the:

    a) Liver
    b) Pancreas
    c) Gallbladder
    d) Appendix
    Answer: c) Gallbladder

  • The hormone responsible for promoting milk production in the mammary glands after childbirth is:

    a) Estrogen
    b) Progesterone
    c) Prolactin
    d) Oxytocin
    Answer: c) Prolactin

  • Which part of the respiratory system is responsible for preventing food and liquid from entering the airways?

    a) Larynx
    b) Trachea
    c) Pharynx
    d) Epiglottis
    Answer: d) Epiglottis

  • The hormone that stimulates the development of female secondary sexual characteristics is:

    a) Testosterone
    b) Estrogen
    c) Progesterone
    d) Prolactin
    Answer: b) Estrogen

  • Which blood vessel carries oxygen-rich blood from the lungs to the heart?

    a) Pulmonary artery
    b) Pulmonary vein
    c) Aorta
    d) Inferior vena cava
    Answer: b) Pulmonary vein

  • The part of the eye that contains light-sensitive cells and sends visual information to the brain is the:

    a) Cornea
    b) Iris
    c) Retina
    d) Lens
    Answer: c) Retina

  • Which of the following is a function of the spleen?

    a) Production of bile
    b) Storage of urine
    c) Production of insulin
    d) Filtering blood
    Answer: d) Filtering blood

  • The hormone responsible for regulating blood sugar levels by stimulating glycogen breakdown is:

    a) Insulin
    b) Glucagon
    c) Cortisol
    d) Epinephrine
    Answer: b) Glucagon

  • The hormone that regulates the sleep-wake cycle and mood is:

    a) Melatonin
    b) Serotonin
    c) Dopamine
    d) Cortisol
    Answer: a) Melatonin

  • Which part of the nervous system controls involuntary functions such as heartbeat and digestion?

    a) Sympathetic nervous system
    b) Parasympathetic nervous system
    c) Autonomic nervous system
    d) Somatic nervous system
    Answer: c) Autonomic nervous system

  • The hormone responsible for the fight-or-flight response during stressful situations is:

    a) Cortisol
    b) Adrenaline
    c) Dopamine
    d) Serotonin
    Answer: b) Adrenaline

  • Which of the following structures is part of the male reproductive system?

    a) Ovary
    b) Uterus
    c) Prostate gland
    d) Fallopian tube
    Answer: c) Prostate gland

  • The hormone responsible for regulating salt and water balance in the body is:

    a) Aldosterone
    b) Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
    c) Thyroxine
    d) Growth hormone
    Answer: a) Aldosterone

  • The part of the brain that controls higher cognitive functions such as thinking and memory is the:

    a) Hypothalamus
    b) Cerebrum
    c) Brainstem
    d) Cerebellum
    Answer: b) Cerebrum

 

Asonya Gh

Asonya Gh is an entrepreneur, an entertainment and lifestyle blogger based in the Upper West Region of Ghana. He is also the CEO of OneMuzikGh.Com, a website that covers news and updates about music, events and celebrities in Ghana. He has won several awards for his blogging work. He also has a Twitter account and a Facebook page where he posts his content and interacts with his followers.

View all posts by Asonya Gh →

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Discover more from Asonya Gh

Subscribe now to keep reading and get access to the full archive.

Continue reading