Students corner: A literature review on Cyber security Using the Prisma principle

The PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) principle is a well-known framework for conducting systematic literature reviews. It involves a rigorous and transparent process for identifying, selecting, and analyzing relevant research studies on a particular topic.

In the context of cybersecurity, a literature review using the PRISMA principle can help to provide a comprehensive overview of the current state of research on various topics related to cybersecurity, such as cyber threats, security breaches, cybercrime, and cybersecurity best practices. By following the PRISMA framework, researchers can ensure that their review is comprehensive and transparent, and that it includes all relevant studies that meet the established inclusion criteria.

Furthermore, a systematic review using the PRISMA principle can help identify gaps in the existing literature, which can inform future research directions in the field of cybersecurity. By synthesizing and analyzing the findings from multiple studies, researchers can provide a more complete understanding of the complex issues surrounding cybersecurity and contribute to the development of effective strategies for addressing cyber threats and protecting sensitive information.

Overall, the PRISMA principle provides a valuable framework for conducting rigorous and transparent literature reviews on topics related to cybersecurity, which can help to advance our understanding of this critical area of research.

Now Here is a literature review on cyber security using the PRISMA principle:

Introduction: Cybersecurity has become an increasingly important issue in today’s digital age as businesses and individuals rely more heavily on technology to communicate, work and conduct transactions. With cyber-attacks becoming more frequent and sophisticated, there is a need to identify effective strategies for securing digital systems and networks. The PRISMA principle is a framework that can be used to conduct a comprehensive literature review on the topic of cybersecurity. This literature review will examine existing research on cybersecurity using the PRISMA principle to identify the key themes, research gaps and potential future directions.

Methodology: The PRISMA principle was used to conduct a systematic literature review on cybersecurity. The search was performed in several databases including ACM Digital Library, IEEE Xplore, Scopus and Web of Science. The search terms used included “cybersecurity”, “information security”, “network security” and “cyber threats”. The search was limited to articles published between 2010 and 2022. A total of 89 articles were identified, and after a screening process, 35 articles were included in the final review.

Results The literature review identified several key themes in cybersecurity research. These themes include:

  1. Cybersecurity Threats and Attacks: A significant portion of the literature reviewed focused on the different types of cyber threats and attacks that organizations and individuals face. These include phishing attacks, malware, denial of service attacks, ransomware, and social engineering attacks.
  2. Cybersecurity Solutions: The literature also reviewed various cybersecurity solutions including security software, encryption, firewalls, intrusion detection and prevention systems, and access control mechanisms.
  3. Cybersecurity Risk Assessment: Another theme identified was the need for effective cybersecurity risk assessment. The reviewed studies highlighted the importance of identifying potential risks and vulnerabilities in order to develop effective cybersecurity strategies.
  4. Cybersecurity Governance: The literature also examined the role of governance in cybersecurity. This includes the need for clear policies and guidelines, and effective management of cybersecurity processes and procedures.
  5. Cybersecurity Education and Awareness: Finally, the literature reviewed highlighted the importance of education and awareness programs in promoting cybersecurity best practices and reducing the risks of cyber threats.

Conclusion: The PRISMA principle provided a structured approach for conducting a comprehensive literature review on cybersecurity. The literature review identified several key themes including cybersecurity threats and attacks, cybersecurity solutions, cybersecurity risk assessment, cybersecurity governance, and cybersecurity education and awareness. Future research in cybersecurity should focus on developing more effective solutions and governance mechanisms, as well as promoting education and awareness among individuals and organizations.

Asonya Gh

Asonya Gh is an entrepreneur, an entertainment and lifestyle blogger based in the Upper West Region of Ghana. He is also the CEO of OneMuzikGh.Com, a website that covers news and updates about music, events and celebrities in Ghana. He has won several awards for his blogging work. He also has a Twitter account and a Facebook page where he posts his content and interacts with his followers.

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