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Surgical Nursing Multiple Choice Questions and Answers

  1. What is the primary goal of surgical nursing?
        1. To prevent complications during surgery
        2. To promote postoperative recovery
        3. To assist the surgeon during the procedure
        4. All of the above

      Answer: D) All of the above

      1. What is the most common type of anesthesia used during surgery?
        1. General anesthesia
        2. Regional anesthesia
        3. Local anesthesia
        4. Conscious sedation

      Answer: A) General anesthesia

      1. Which of the following is not a typical sign of infection after surgery?
        1. Pain
        2. Redness
        3. Swelling
        4. Normal wound healing

      Answer: D) Normal wound healing

       

      1. What is the purpose of surgical hand hygiene?
        1. To prevent the spread of infection
        2. To promote patient comfort
        3. To improve surgical outcomes
        4. To reduce healthcare costs

      Answer: A) To prevent the spread of infection

       

      1. What is the most common complication of surgical procedures?
        1. Infection
        2. Hemorrhage
        3. Anesthesia-related complications
        4. Wound dehiscence

      Answer: A) Infection

       

      1. What is the primary reason for preoperative patient education?
        1. To reduce anxiety
        2. To promote compliance with postoperative instructions
        3. To improve surgical outcomes
        4. All of the above

      Answer: D) All of the above

       

      1. What is the best way to prevent surgical site infections?
        1. Proper surgical hand hygiene
        2. Prophylactic antibiotic administration
        3. Sterile technique
        4. All of the above

      Answer: D) All of the above

       

      1. Which of the following is not a typical postoperative complication?
        1. Deep vein thrombosis
        2. Hypotension
        3. Nausea and vomiting
        4. Increased appetite

      Answer: D) Increased appetite

      1. Which of the following is NOT a surgical wound classification?
        1. Clean
        2. Clean-contaminated
        3. Contaminated
        4. Unclean

      Answer: d. Unclean

       

      1. What is the most important factor in preventing surgical site infections?
        1. Proper hand hygiene
        2. Proper antibiotic prophylaxis
        3. Proper surgical technique
        4. Proper wound care

      Answer: c. Proper surgical technique

       

      1. What type of anesthesia involves the injection of a local anesthetic to numb the area being operated on?
        1. General anesthesia
        2. Regional anesthesia
        3. Spinal anesthesia
        4. Local anesthesia

      Answer: d. Local anesthesia

       

      1. Which of the following is NOT a sign of postoperative respiratory distress?
        1. Tachycardia
        2. Tachypnea
        3. Hypoxemia
        4. Bradycardia

      Answer: d. Bradycardia

       

      1. Which of the following is NOT a potential complication of abdominal surgery?
        1. Bowel obstruction
        2. Incisional hernia
        3. Pulmonary embolism
        4. Hemorrhage

      Answer: c. Pulmonary embolism

       

      1. Which of the following is NOT a type of surgical drain?
        1. Penrose drain
        2. Jackson-Pratt drain
        3. Hemovac drain
        4. VAC (vacuum-assisted closure) drain

      Answer: d. VAC (vacuum-assisted closure) drain

       

      1. Which of the following is a surgical procedure that involves the removal of the uterus?
        1. Hysterectomy
        2. Oophorectomy
        3. Salpingectomy
        4. Myomectomy

      Answer: a. Hysterectomy

       

      1. Which of the following is a surgical procedure that involves the removal of one or both ovaries?
        1. Hysterectomy
        2. Oophorectomy
        3. Salpingectomy
        4. Myomectomy

      Answer: b. Oophorectomy

       

      1. Which of the following is a surgical procedure that involves the removal of one or both fallopian tubes?
        1. Hysterectomy
        2. Oophorectomy
        3. Salpingectomy
        4. Myomectomy

      Answer: c. Salpingectomy

       

      1. Which of the following surgical wounds is most likely to be contaminated?
        1. Clean wound
        2. Clean-contaminated wound
        3. Contaminated wound
        4. Infected wound

      Answer: c) Contaminated wound

       

      1. The nurse is caring for a patient who has undergone a colon resection. Which of the following interventions should the nurse perform to prevent postoperative complications?
        1. Administering antihypertensive medication
        2. Encouraging coughing and deep breathing exercises
        3. Administering high doses of opioids for pain relief
        4. Keeping the patient in a supine position

      Answer: b) Encouraging coughing and deep breathing exercises

       

      1. What type of surgical incision is made when a patient undergoes an open cholecystectomy?
        1. Midline incision
        2. Pfannenstiel incision
        3. Transverse incision
        4. Chevron incision

      Answer: a) Midline incision

       

      1. Which of the following medications is commonly used to prevent deep vein thrombosis after surgery?
        1. Warfarin
        2. Aspirin
        3. Heparin
        4. Dipyridamole

      Answer: c) Heparin

       

      1. What is the most important factor in preventing surgical site infections?
        1. Administration of prophylactic antibiotics
        2. Sterilization of surgical instruments
        3. Proper surgical technique
        4. Postoperative wound care

      Answer: c) Proper surgical technique

       

      1. Which of the following is a common postoperative complication in patients who have undergone abdominal surgery?
        1. Hypoglycemia
        2. Hypertension
        3. Ileus
        4. Bradycardia

      Answer: c) Ileus

       

      1. Which of the following is not an essential element of informed consent?
        1. Disclosure
        2. Understanding
        3. Voluntariness
        4. Authorization

      Answer: D

       

      1. Which of the following is not a surgical risk factor?
        1. Age
        2. Weight
        3. Gender
        4. Smoking

      Answer: C

       

      1. What is the most common type of surgical incision?
        1. Transverse
        2. Midline
        3. Paramedian
        4. Oblique

      Answer: B

       

      1. Which of the following is not a type of anesthesia?
        1. General
        2. Local
        3. Regional
        4. Intravenous

      Answer: D

       

      1. Which of the following is not a sign of postoperative infection?
        1. Fever
        2. Redness
        3. Swelling
        4. Nausea

      Answer: D

       

      1. Which of the following is not a surgical complication?
        1. Hemorrhage
        2. Infection
        3. Deep vein thrombosis
        4. Hypertension

      Answer: D

       

      1. Which of the following is not a type of surgical wound?
        1. Clean
        2. Clean-contaminated
        3. Contaminated
        4. Dirty

      Answer: D

       

      1. Which of the following is a surgical procedure that involves the removal of a portion of the stomach?
        1. Appendectomy
        2. Cholecystectomy
        3. Gastrectomy
        4. Thyroidectomy

      Answer: c) Gastrectomy

       

      1. Which of the following is an important nursing intervention for a patient undergoing surgery?
        1. Administering pain medication as needed
        2. Keeping the patient on bed rest for an extended period
        3. Restricting fluid intake after surgery
        4. Limiting the patient’s physical activity after surgery

      Answer: a) Administering pain medication as needed

       

      1. Which of the following surgical procedures involves the removal of the gallbladder?
        1. Appendectomy
        2. Cholecystectomy
        3. Gastrectomy
        4. Thyroidectomy

      Answer: b) Cholecystectomy

       

      1. What is a common postoperative complication in surgical patients?
        1. Hypotension
        2. Hyperglycemia
        3. Hypothermia
        4. Hypertension

      Answer: c) Hypothermia

       

      1. What is the purpose of preoperative teaching for surgical patients?
        1. To reduce anxiety and increase patient satisfaction
        2. To prepare the patient for a longer hospital stay
        3. To restrict the patient’s activities after surgery
        4. To decrease the need for postoperative pain medication

      Answer: a) To reduce anxiety and increase patient satisfaction

       

      1. Which of the following is a surgical procedure that involves the removal of the appendix?
        1. Appendectomy
        2. Cholecystectomy
        3. Gastrectomy
        4. Thyroidectomy

      Answer: a) Appendectomy

       

      1. What is an important nursing consideration when caring for a patient with a surgical incision?
        1. Keeping the incision dry at all times
        2. Changing the dressing once a week
        3. Avoiding contact with the incision site
        4. Assessing the incision for signs of infection

      Answer: d) Assessing the incision for signs of infection

       

      1. Which of the following surgical procedures involves the removal of the thyroid gland?
        1. Appendectomy
        2. Cholecystectomy
        3. Gastrectomy
        4. Thyroidectomy

      Answer: d) Thyroidectomy

       

      1. Which of the following is a common complication of surgery?
        1. Hypernatremia
        2. Hypokalemia
        3. Hypoglycemia
        4. Hyperglycemia

      Answer: d) Hyperglycemia

       

      1. Which of the following is not a risk factor for surgical site infections?
        1. Diabetes
        2. Hypertension
        3. Smoking
        4. Obesity

      Answer: b) Hypertension

       

      1. Which of the following surgical procedures requires the use of a sterile gown and gloves?
        1. Closed reduction of a fracture
        2. Insertion of a peripheral intravenous catheter
        3. Insertion of a Foley catheter
        4. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy

      Answer: d) Laparoscopic cholecystectomy

       

      1. What is the primary goal of preoperative teaching?
        1. To decrease the patient’s anxiety
        2. To provide information about the procedure and postoperative care
        3. To obtain informed consent
        4. To promote patient satisfaction

      Answer: b) To provide information about the procedure and postoperative care

       

      1. What is the most common postoperative complication?
        1. Infection
        2. Hemorrhage
        3. Shock
        4. Anesthesia complications

      Answer: a) Infection

       

      1. Which of the following is not a common surgical complication?
        1. Infection
        2. Bleeding
        3. Dehydration
        4. Thrombosis

      Answer: c. Dehydration

       

      1. What is the most common type of anesthesia used during surgery?
        1. General anesthesia
        2. Regional anesthesia
        3. Local anesthesia
        4. Conscious sedation

      Answer: a. General anesthesia

       

      1. What is the purpose of a surgical scrub?
        1. To remove dirt and debris from the skin
        2. To kill bacteria on the skin
        3. To soften the skin before surgery
        4. To remove hair from the surgical site

      Answer: b. To kill bacteria on the skin

       

      1. Which of the following is not a type of surgical incision?
        1. Transverse
        2. Longitudinal
        3. Diagonal
        4. Oblique

      Answer: c. Diagonal

       

      1. What is the purpose of a surgical drain?
        1. To prevent infection
        2. To remove excess fluid or blood from the surgical site
        3. To provide additional oxygen to the surgical site
        4. To stabilize the surgical site

      Answer: b. To remove excess fluid or blood from the surgical site

       

      1. Which of the following is not a potential complication of surgery?
        1. Hypotension
        2. Hypertension
        3. Shock
        4. Hyperglycemia

      Answer: b. Hypertension

       

      1. What is the purpose of a surgical dressing?
        1. To prevent infection
        2. To control bleeding
        3. To provide additional support to the surgical site
        4. To keep the surgical site clean and dry

      Answer: d. To keep the surgical site clean and dry

       

      1. What is the term for the process of surgically opening a vein or artery for medical treatment or testing?
        1. Venipuncture
        2. Arteriotomy
        3. Phlebotomy
        4. Cannulation

      Answer: B. Arteriotomy

       

      1. Which of the following is an appropriate action when caring for a patient with a surgical wound?
        1. Clean the wound with alcohol before redressing it
        2. Clean the wound with sterile saline before redressing it
        3. Allow the wound to air dry before redressing it
        4. Apply an antibiotic ointment directly to the wound

      Answer: B. Clean the wound with sterile saline before redressing it

       

      1. Which of the following is a sign of a surgical site infection?
        1. Swelling and redness around the wound
        2. Increase in wound drainage
        3. Warmth and tenderness around the wound
        4. All of the above

      Answer: D. All of the above

       

      1. Which of the following surgical instruments is used to hold back tissue during a surgical procedure?
        1. Scalpel
        2. Hemostat
        3. Retractor
        4. Forceps

      Answer: C. Retractor

       

      1. What is the term for the process of surgically removing a kidney?
        1. Nephrectomy
        2. Hemicolectomy
        3. Mastectomy
        4. Hysterectomy

      Answer: A. Nephrectomy

       

      1. Which of the following is a surgical asepsis technique?
        1. Handwashing
        2. Hand sanitization
        3. Wearing gloves
        4. Wearing a mask

      Answer: c

       

      1. What is the name of the surgical procedure to remove a gallbladder?
        1. Appendectomy
        2. Cholecystectomy
        3. Nephrectomy
        4. Hysterectomy

      Answer: b

       

      1. Which of the following is a potential complication of surgery?
        1. Infection
        2. Excessive bleeding
        3. Blood clots
        4. All of the above

      Answer: d

       

      1. What is the purpose of surgical drapes?
        1. To provide warmth to the patient
        2. To protect the surgical site from contamination
        3. To provide comfort to the patient
        4. To cover the patient’s face during surgery

      Answer: b

       

      1. What is the name of the surgical procedure to repair a hernia?
        1. Herniorrhaphy
        2. Hysterectomy
        3. Gastrectomy
        4. Appendectomy

      Answer: a

       

      1. What is the purpose of preoperative teaching?
        1. To inform the patient of the surgery
        2. To prepare the patient for surgery
        3. To reduce anxiety and fear
        4. All of the above

      Answer: d

       

      1. Which of the following is a sign of surgical site infection?
        1. Fever
        2. Swelling
        3. Redness
        4. All of the above

      Answer: d

       

      1. Which of the following is a nursing intervention to prevent surgical site infection?
        1. Administering antibiotics as ordered
        2. Cleaning the surgical site with alcohol
        3. Leaving the dressing in place for several days
        4. Using a sterile dressing change technique

      Answer: d

       

      1. What is the name of the surgical procedure to remove the uterus?
        1. Appendectomy
        2. Hysterectomy
        3. Cholecystectomy
        4. Mastectomy

      Answer: b

       

      1. Which of the following is not a common surgical wound classification?
        1. Clean
        2. Clean-contaminated
        3. Contaminated
        4. Dirty

      Answer: d) Dirty

       

      1. Which of the following is not a type of surgical incision?
        1. Midline
        2. Transverse
        3. Oblique
        4. Diagonal

      Answer: d) Diagonal

       

      1. Which of the following surgical incisions is commonly used for a cholecystectomy?
        1. Midline
        2. Transverse
        3. Oblique
        4. Pfannenstiel

      Answer: c) Oblique

       

      1. Which of the following is not a type of surgical drain?
        1. Penrose
        2. Hemovac
        3. Jackson-Pratt
        4. Jackson-Taylor

      Answer: d) Jackson-Taylor

       

      1. What is the most common surgical procedure performed in the United States?
        1. Cholecystectomy
        2. Appendectomy
        3. Hysterectomy
        4. Cesarean section

      Answer: B. Appendectomy

       

      1. Which type of anesthesia is typically used for a cesarean section?
        1. General anesthesia
        2. Spinal anesthesia
        3. Epidural anesthesia
        4. Local anesthesia

      Answer: B. Spinal anesthesia

       

      1. Which of the following is not a common surgical site infection?
        1. Urinary tract infection
        2. Pneumonia
        3. Surgical wound infection
        4. Endocarditis

      Answer: D. Endocarditis

       

      1. What is the purpose of a surgical scrub?
        1. To remove dirt and debris from the skin
        2. To reduce the number of microorganisms on the skin
        3. To soften the skin
        4. To promote healing of the surgical incision

      Answer: B. To reduce the number of microorganisms on the skin

       

       

      1. Which of the following is not a preoperative nursing intervention?
        1. Providing preoperative teaching
        2. Administering preoperative medications
        3. Assessing the patient’s level of pain
        4. Ensuring informed consent is obtained

      Answer: c) Assessing the patient’s level of pain

       

      1. Which of the following is not a common postoperative nursing intervention?
        1. Monitoring vital signs
        2. Assessing the patient’s level of consciousness
        3. Administering postoperative medications
        4. Allowing the patient to ambulate independently

      Answer: d) Allowing the patient to ambulate independently

       

      1. Which of the following is not a potential complication of surgery?
        1. Infection
        2. Hemorrhage
        3. Hypotension
        4. Thrombosis

      Answer: c) Hypotension

       

      1. The primary purpose of surgical asepsis is to:
        1. Control or eliminate microorganisms
        2. Prevent patient injury during surgery
        3. Ensure that all surgical team members are properly trained
        4. Speed up the surgical procedure

      Answer: a) Control or eliminate microorganisms

       

       

      1. What is the primary purpose of surgical asepsis?
      2. To minimize the risk of infection
        1. To reduce pain
        2. To improve wound healing
        3. To promote blood flow

      Answer: a) To minimize the risk of infection

       

      1. Which of the following is not a type of surgical incision?
        1. Transverse incision
        2. Oblique incision
        3. Curvilinear incision
        4. Linear incision

      Answer: d) Linear incision

       

      1. What is the main purpose of a surgical gown?
        1. To protect the patient from infection
        2. To protect the healthcare worker from infection
        3. To promote wound healing
        4. To maintain blood flow

      Answer: b) To protect the healthcare worker from infection

       

      1. Which of the following is not a common surgical complication?
        1. Infection
        2. Hemorrhage
        3. Dehydration
        4. Deep vein thrombosis

      Answer: c) Dehydration

       

      1. Which of the following is not a common postoperative nursing intervention?
        1. Monitoring vital signs
        2. Administering pain medication
        3. Providing wound care
        4. Providing nutrition and hydration

      Answer: d) Providing nutrition and hydration

       

      1. Which of the following is not a type of surgical drain?
        1. Penrose drain
        2. Jackson-Pratt drain
        3. Hemovac drain
        4. G-tube drain

      Answer: d) G-tube drain

       

      1. What is the most common type of surgical anesthesia?
        1. General anesthesia
        2. Local anesthesia
        3. Regional anesthesia
        4. Spinal anesthesia

      Answer: a) General anesthesia

       

      1. Which of the following is not a potential complication of anesthesia?
        1. Nausea and vomiting
        2. Hypertension
        3. Respiratory depression
        4. Cardiac arrest

      Answer: b) Hypertension

        1. Which of the following is a common symptom of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV)?
        1. Headache
        2. Abdominal pain
        3. Diarrhea
        4. Dizziness

    Answer: D

    1. Which of the following is not a factor that increases a patient’s risk for surgical site infection?
      1. Obesity
      2. Advanced age
      3. Smoking
      4. Good nutrition

Answer: D

    1. 88.Which of the following is a common cause of wound dehiscence?
      1. Infection
      2. Poor nutrition
      3. Excessive coughing
      4. Hypertension

Answer: B

  1. 89. Which of the following is the primary goal of surgical nursing?
          1. To promote patient safety
          2. To prevent postoperative complications
          3. To facilitate patient recovery
          4. All of the above

Answer: d) All of the above

Asonya Gh

Asonya Gh is an entrepreneur, an entertainment and lifestyle blogger based in the Upper West Region of Ghana. He is also the CEO of OneMuzikGh.Com, a website that covers news and updates about music, events and celebrities in Ghana. He has won several awards for his blogging work. He also has a Twitter account and a Facebook page where he posts his content and interacts with his followers.

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